What used to be just a stopover, Zagreb has now grown into a booming destination. It was in 1094 that the city had its first written mention; during the foundation of a diocese in Kaptol. In 1242, its neighboring city, Gradec was declared a royal and free city.
During the attack of the Turkish in Europe in the 14th-18th centuries, the city of Zagreb became an important fortress. In the 17th and 18th centuries, Zagreb went into a major Baroque reconstruction that totally changed its appearance. Old wooden houses were replaced with monasteries, churches, and opulent palaces.
Trade fairs held by the city as well as revenues brought by landed estates have significantly contributed to its wealth. The move of Europe’s church dignitaries, affluent aristocratic families, rich traders, and royal officials to the city have also played a part in changing the city’s setting. Hospitals and schools were then opened and the city was able to slowly adapt the lifestyle of a typical European capital. Country houses and parks were then built and the city eventually took hold its title to be the economic, cultural, and administrative hub of Croatia.
The development of Zagreb further went on after its neighbors, Gradec, Kaptol, and other surrounding settlements were combined with it thru an administrative law. When a disastrous earthquake hit the city in 1880, modernization and reconstruction of the city was then started. Public buildings that are prestigious in design and height were erected; fountains and parks were also made. Its transportation system and infrastructures improved and organized.